- Superficial Injuries to the Face and Head
Children are more likely to end up with a cut or scrape on the head or face. One reason is that children's sense of balance isn't completely adjusted.
- Cuts and Wounds of the Face
Most minor cuts or wounds to the face can be handled at home with simple first-aid treatment.
- Foreign Bodies in the Ear, Nose, and Airway
Children usually place things in their ears because they are bored, curious, or copying other children. Some objects may cause no symptoms, but other objects, such as food and insects, may cause pain in the ear, redness, or drainage.
- Insects in the Ear
Don't attempt to remove the insect by poking it with a cotton swab. This may push the insect farther into the ear or cause damage to the middle ear and eardrum.
- Cuts and Wounds of the Mouth and Lips
The gums, tongue, and lips have a rich blood supply and when cuts occur, these areas may bleed excessively.
- Injuries to the Teeth
The injury may be to a primary tooth or a permanent tooth. A tooth can be cracked, chipped, or totally detached from its socket.
- Cuts and Wounds of the External Ear
Any wound to the ear cartilage that is more than just a superficial cut or laceration should be seen by a doctor to decide if stitches are needed.
- Cuts and Wounds of the Nose
Most minor nose wounds can be handled at home, but a wound or bruise that also involves one or both eyes requires immediate medical attention.
Nosebleeds are fairly common in children, especially in dry climates or during the winter months, when dry heat inside homes and buildings can cause drying, cracking, or crusting inside the nose.