The adrenal glands are two triangle-shaped glands. One gland is located on top of each kidney. If a noncancerous adrenal tumor or adrenal cancer is discovered, you may require surgery to remove the adrenal gland that has the tumor. You may also need an adrenalectomy to remove cancer that has spread from another location, such as the kidney or lung.
ARTIFICIAL URINARY SPHINCTER
Sphincter muscles help hold in urine. An artificial sphincter is a device that keeps urine from leaking when sphincter muscles aren’t working properly. When you need to urinate, the artificial sphincter can be relaxed to allow urine to flow out.
Brachytherapy, sometimes called internal radiation, is one type of radiation therapy that's used to treat cancer. With brachytherapy, radioactive material is placed inside your body, enabling doctors to deliver higher doses of radiation to more specific areas of the body, compared with the conventional form of radiation therapy that projects radiation from a machine outside your body.
CHEMOTHERAPY FOR PROSTATE CANCER
Chemotherapy for prostate cancer uses oral and injected anti-cancer drugs to treat cancer. It is typically given in cycles that last a few weeks followed by a rest period.
Cholecystectomy is surgical removal of the gallbladder. It is done to reduce pain and infection from repeated bouts with gallstones.
Circumcision is removal of the foreskin of the penis. It is done for both religious and health reasons.
CRYOSURGERY (ALSO CALLED CRYOABLATION)
A procedure in which tissue is frozen to destroy abnormal cells. This is usually done with a special instrument that contains liquid nitrogen or liquid carbon dioxide.
CRYOTHERAPY FOR PROSTATE CONDITIONS
This procedure involves freezing cancer cells and surrounding them with ice crystals to kill them.
CYSTOSCOPY FOR WOMEN
Cystoscopy is a procedure in which a flexible, lighted tube, called a cystoscope, is inserted into the urethra to visualize the inside of the bladder. It can also be used to irrigate, suction and biopsy the bladder.
HIGH-DOSE RATE (HDR) REMOTE BRACHYTHERAPY
A type of internal radiation treatment in which the radioactive source is removed between treatments. Also called high-dose-rate remote radiation therapy or remote brachytherapy.
Treatment that adds, blocks, or removes hormones. For certain conditions (such as diabetes or menopause), hormones are given to adjust low hormone levels. To slow or stop the growth of certain cancers (such as prostate and breast cancer), synthetic hormones or other drugs may be given to block the body’s natural hormones. Sometimes surgery is needed to remove the gland that makes a certain hormone. Also called hormone therapy, hormone treatment, or endocrine therapy.
INTENSITY-MODULATED RADIATION THERAPY
A type of three-dimensional radiation therapy that uses computer-generated images to show the size and shape of the tumor. Thin beams of radiation of different intensities are aimed at the tumor from many angles. This type of radiation therapy reduces the damage to healthy tissue near the tumor.
Laparoscopy is a procedure that passes a thin, lighted tube through an incision into the abdomen to view internal organs. It can be used to locate cysts and infections, as well as procure tissue for biopsy.
Lithotripsy is a procedure in which shock waves are passed over the kidney area. These shock waves break up kidney stones so they may more easily be passed through the urinary system.
Penile implants are devices placed inside the penis through surgery to enable men with erectile dysfunction to get an erection.
A radical prostatectomy is surgical removal of the prostate gland and any surrounding lymph nodes that have been affected by cancer.
Radioactive seed implants, also called brachytherapy, are a newer method of radiation treatment that delivers radiation internally by implanting small radioactive pellets directly into the prostate. The radioactive seeds are implanted either temporarily or permanently. The permanent form of implantation is most commonly used.
TRANSURETHRAL INCISION OF THE PROSTATE
Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP) is a type of prostate surgery that relieves moderate to severe urinary symptoms caused by prostate enlargement, a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia. During TUIP, a visual and surgical instrument called a resectoscope is inserted through the tip of your penis and into the tube that carries urine from your bladder (urethra). The doctor cuts one or two small grooves in the area where the prostate and the bladder are connected in order to open up the urinary channel. This allows urine to pass through more easily.
TRANSURETHRAL MICROWAVE THERMOTHERAPY
Transurethral microwave therapy is an outpatient procedure to treat urinary symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate, a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia. During the procedure, a small microwave antenna is inserted through the tip of the penis into the tube that carries urine from your bladder. Your doctor extends the antenna until it reaches the area of the urethra surrounded by the prostate. The antenna emits a dose of microwave energy that heats up and destroys excess prostate tissue blocking urine flow.
TRANSURETHRAL RADIOFREQUENCY ABLATION
Also called transurethral needle ablation (TUNA), transurethral radiofrequency ablation is an outpatient procedure to treat urinary symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate. During TUNA, a cystoscope is inserted through the tip of the penis into the tube that carries urine from your bladder. Using the cystoscope, your doctor guides a pair of tiny needles into the prostate tissue that is pressing on the urethra. The radio waves are passed through the needles to create scar tissue that shrinks prostate tissue, opening up the urinary channel so that urine can flow more easily.
TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF THE PROSTATE
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) is a procedure in which portions of an enlarged prostate are removed through the penis using a resectoscope, or a thin, lighted instrument.
This minimally invasive system is used to open a blocked urethra by moving enlarged prostate tissue out of the way in men who have benign prostatic hyperplasia.
A vasectomy is a procedure in which the tubes that carry sperm are closed or blocked.
Xiaflex is a prescription medication used to treat men with Peyronie’s disease, or plaque that causes the penis to curve. Xiaflex helps break down this plaque to straighten the curve.